Was Christ Justified?

Discussion in 'Calvinism & The Doctrines of Grace' started by scottmaciver, Aug 5, 2011.

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  1. scottmaciver

    scottmaciver Puritan Board Freshman

    This may seem like a strange question as Christ Himself was sinless, but is there any sense in which we could accurately say that Christ was justified?
  2. Andrew P.C.

    Andrew P.C. Puritan Board Junior

    If Christ is sinless then what is the necessity of Him being justified? It is a strange question indeed because there are many more things you could add to this response.
  3. py3ak

    py3ak They're stalling and plotting against me Staff Member

    Yes, 1 Timothy 3:16. Christ died with the guilt of our sin imputed to him, and therefore it was necessary that it should be declared that the guilt of that sin was gone; that it no longer bound him. That is one of the great truths conveyed by the resurrection. Death has no power over him, because law has no claim against him, because the guilt of sin has been entirely expiated.
  4. raekwon

    raekwon Puritan Board Junior

    Christ was justified in and of himself.
  5. Douglas P.

    Douglas P. Puritan Board Freshman

    Yes, Christ was 'justified (ἐδικαιώθη) by the Spirit" (1 Tim. 3:16) in his resurrection c.f. Rom. 4:25.

    Also, if you're interested you might want to check out Richard B. Gaffin's Resurrection and Eschatology.
  6. Andrew P.C.

    Andrew P.C. Puritan Board Junior

    Maybe I need clarification on what y mean by Christ being justified.
  7. Jack K

    Jack K Puritan Board Post-Graduate

    Yes. This is the best answer.
  8. Phil D.

    Phil D. Puritan Board Sophomore

    To be justified means to be "declared" righteous, as distinct from actually "being" righteous. As such, both Christ and those who believe in Him are justified. Christ is also intrinsically righteous (sinless), while we are not. Our righteousness is alien - that is, we have Christ's righteousness imputed (credited) to us.
    Last edited: Aug 5, 2011
  9. rbcbob

    rbcbob Puritan Board Graduate

    The word means to pronounce, in a legal manner, that someone is in right standing with God, the Judge. The NAS translates it "vindicated" in 1 Tim 3:16.
  10. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    Because Christ was justified - declared to be without sin and positively righteous - at His resurrection, we are also justified in Him.

    If He hadn't come out of the grave our justification would have no certainty.

    Christ was also adopted and sanctified. These terms in relation to our covenant Head would also need clarification.
  11. scottmaciver

    scottmaciver Puritan Board Freshman

    Thanks for the responses.
    Its interesting how on the surface a question can sometimes seem far off the mark until we look at it in a bit more depth. We had a bit of discussion on the question at a fellowship on Wednesday night.
  12. MarieP

    MarieP Puritan Board Senior

    Wholeheartedly agreed except this point:

    I can see where He was justified and sanctified, but I'm having trouble seeing where He was adopted. That one makes me uneasy- especially when you say Christ rather than Jesus. Christ was always the Son of God. And I would say Jesus Christ matured as a son (learning obedience unto death on the cross, growing in wisdom and in favor with God and with men). But adopted? I don't see it....where do you see it? Please clarify, as you said was needed!
  13. raekwon

    raekwon Puritan Board Junior

    Yeah, I dunno about adoption. He's begotten. We are adopted.
  14. Andrew P.C.

    Andrew P.C. Puritan Board Junior

    Thank you.
  15. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    I'll probably have to back track on this one. I may have mis-spoken in haste. I was of course speaking about Christ's humanity rather than His deity. I was thinking about texts such as

  16. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    Yes. People may say in a popular way that God "adopted" human nature, but they are just loosely saying that God became Man, and there was no point - from His conception on - at which Jesus of Nazareth was not both God and Man. It is not a proper use of the term adoption.

    There is no sense in which we should speak of Christ's in His human nature being adopted. Thank you for correcting me, Marie P.
  17. dudley

    dudley Puritan Board Post-Graduate

    Ruben you have given the best and really only appropritae answer. Thank you.
  18. py3ak

    py3ak They're stalling and plotting against me Staff Member

    If anyone needs additional textual support for the proposition that Christ was justified, it can be found in Isaiah 50:

    It is quite plain from vv.4-7 that this is Christ (if it weren't sufficiently plain on the surface of the text, tracing the NT echoes of this passage should prove convincing and heartwarming): and the speaker does not change in vv.8,9. So when Paul's usage of those verses in Romans 8:33,34 is considered, it becomes apparent that we are justified because Christ was justified.
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