Justification, Forgiveness, and Pardon

Discussion in 'Calvinism & The Doctrines of Grace' started by mgkortus, Sep 25, 2017.

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  1. mgkortus

    mgkortus Puritan Board Freshman

    1) How are these three concepts, justification, forgiveness, and pardon, related? What is the unifying idea behind all three?

    2) How are these three concepts each distinct?
  2. Ask Mr. Religion

    Ask Mr. Religion Flatly Unflappable

    It would help if you could tease out a wee bit of what you are seeking here as I am hesitant to assume where you are going. Here is a first stab at your questions.

    If you are justified you have been judicially declared innocent (exonerated, absolved, vindicated).
    If you have been forgiven, you are not innocent; your guilt and the consequences of your guilt remain.
    If you have been pardoned, the consequences you are due from your guilt have been set aside.

    - Our justification is an alien righteousness, that of another, Our Lord.
    - Our forgiveness (dismissal of debt owed) comes by our faith in the object of that faith, He who bore our guilt and satisfied the consequences of our guilt.
    - Our pardon comes from our repentance and the free grace of God in granting our pardon that has been secured by Our Lord (WCF 15:1-3).
    - Faith, followed by repentance (see Auchterarder Creed) are the first fruits of our quickening (regeneration).
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  3. Gforce9

    Gforce9 Puritan Board Junior

    I think Richard Gaffin has made an excellent case that all these are resultant of union with Christ.
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