I couldn't find any reformed articles that explained the combination or relations of the following terms: hades, Abraham's bosom and paradise, and their relationship to Jesus descending (or not) to hades. So this is how I have learned, but I doubt that it is correct: Hell (hades) has different compartments. One side of hades is torment. The other side is Abraham's bosom. Between there is a great chasm. My pastor teaches that Abraham's bosom is paradise and that when the thief asked Jesus to remember him, Jesus said he would be in paradise (meaning Abraham's bosom). Jesus, however, after His crucifixion, went to Abraham’s bosom and captured the captives and took them to heaven. Therefore, I learned that heaven (or third heaven) is not the same as Abraham’s bosom. To justify such view, he uses the following passages: Eph 4:8 Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he captured captives; he gave gifts to men.” Eph 4:9 Now what is the meaning of “he ascended,” except that he also descended to the lower regions, namely, the earth? Eph 4:10 He, the very one who descended, is also the one who ascended above all the heavens, in order to fill all things. 1. What is the meaning of "he [Jesus] captured captives"? 2. I was taught that the "lower regions" means Abraham`s bosom inside of the earth, located on the opposite side of the part of hades where there is torment (where the rich man was). Therefore, my pastor says that "today you will be with me in paradise" (Lk 23:43) means the thief as well as Jesus would be in Abraham's side (Lk 16:23). So Lk 23:43 correlates to Eph 4:8-10. 3. What does this mean: Acts 2:25-28 ? Any free online source that addresses the relation between Eph 4:8-10 and Luke 23:43 is going to be helpful. Also, any author who is now reformed, but used to be a dispensationalist or that used to have the wrong interpretation of such scriptures, will also be helpful. And, anyone here is welcome to leave your thoughts on how to refute the above interpretation of the relation between Abraham’s bosom, hades and “ascended, descended, captured captives”.