Greek Grammar and the Deity of Jesus Christ

Discussion in 'Languages' started by baron, Jul 14, 2009.

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  1. baron

    baron Puritan Board Graduate

    For you Greek scholars was wondering if this is true.

    When two nouns in the same case are connected by the Greek word "and" and the first noun is preceded by the article "the" and the second noun is not preceded by the article, the second noun refers to the same person or thing to which the first noun refers, and is a farther description of it.

    Deity of Jesus examples 2 Pet.1:1, 2:20, 3:18, Titus 2:13.

    Another example in Eph.4:11 pastors and teachers refers to the same person not two distinct individuals. I have been told this can be either way that a man can be a pastor but not able to teach. Or I heard pastors say he can teach but he can't preach. But according to this greek Grammar rule they are not seperate.

    Found this in Treasures from the Greek New Testament by Kenneth S. Wuest. I have been told that Wuest is not that great but he knows more Greek than I do.
  2. Christusregnat

    Christusregnat Puritan Board Professor


    This is referred to as Granville Sharp's Rule. You are correct in stating that it is a very strong argument in favor of full deity.

    As for the distinction between teaching and ruling elders, one may find this in other passages than just Eph. 4:11.

  3. rpavich

    rpavich Puritan Board Freshman

    Hey! Something I can answer! (though I'm no Greek Scholar)

    This is the Granville-Sharp construction.

    You have to be VERY careful with it.

    The ACTUAL RULE holds true 100% of the time as originally stated by Granville Sharp.

    The actual rule is more accurately stated like this:

    Daniel Wallace says this about it:

    Here is more info from Dr. Wallace at Bible dot org

    Sharp Redivivus? - A Reexamination of the Granville Sharp le |

    Here is sharps actual book in PDF format so you can see for yourself

    And PS: I would agree that there are better resources than Wuest.
  4. Jimmy the Greek

    Jimmy the Greek Puritan Board Senior

    Dan Wallace has restated Granville Sharp's rule in order to explicitly present all the restrictions -- and to enhance the readability of the rule. His restated rule is as follows:

    "In native Greek constructions (i.e., not translation Greek), when a single article modifies two substantives connected by kai (thus, article-substantive-kai-substantive), when both substantives are (1) singular (both
    grammatically and semantically), (2) personal, (3) and common nouns (not proper names or ordinals), they have the same referent."

    Wuest misuses Granville Sharp's Rule in applying it to Eph. 4:11 since plural substantives are involved.

    See also here:
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