Grace versus Mercy

OPC'n

Puritan Board Doctor
I'm in the beginnings of writing about mercy mainly for myself to help me understand its full meaning both in God's usage and man's usage which I think can be both different and the same. I wanted to start by having a clear definition of mercy and also having a clear definition of grace, because although they sometimes can be used interchangeably, I also think there are distinct differences.

I'm buying a book on biblical definitions to help guide me but I thought I would post a broad definition of both mercy and grace and make sure I was on the right starting point.

God's grace: is the gift of salvation which is given to his elect (justification, sanctification, and glorification).
God's mercy: God's decision to extend saving grace to his elect, God's decision to gently sanctify his people, God's decision to uphold his creation and give to all that it needs, God's decision to give all of mankind those things they need to survive on earth, God's decision to give good things to mankind, God decision to give or not to give us our wants, and God's decision to not always and immediately extend his wrath upon the unelected for every sin they commit while on this earth (for example, there are those who have committed murder and lived a full and enjoyable life without having to pay for that sin while here on earth but will in hell).

Man's grace: showing kindness to those who show kindness to you, good manners, etc
Man's mercy: showing kindness, patience, empathy, love, helpfulness, generosity, etc to those who don't deserve mercy and/or to those who are vulnerable and cannot help themselves.
 
I'm in the beginnings of writing about mercy mainly for myself to help me understand its full meaning both in God's usage and man's usage which I think can be both different and the same. I wanted to start by having a clear definition of mercy and also having a clear definition of grace, because although they sometimes can be used interchangeably, I also think there are distinct differences.

I'm buying a book on biblical definitions to help guide me but I thought I would post a broad definition of both mercy and grace and make sure I was on the right starting point.

God's grace: is the gift of salvation which is given to his elect (justification, sanctification, and glorification).
God's mercy: God's decision to extend saving grace to his elect, God's decision to gently sanctify his people, God's decision to uphold his creation and give to all that it needs, God's decision to give all of mankind those things they need to survive on earth, God's decision to give good things to mankind, God decision to give or not to give us our wants, and God's decision to not always and immediately extend his wrath upon the unelected for every sin they commit while on this earth (for example, there are those who have committed murder and lived a full and enjoyable life without having to pay for that sin while here on earth but will in hell).

Man's grace: showing kindness to those who show kindness to you, good manners, etc
Man's mercy: showing kindness, patience, empathy, love, helpfulness, generosity, etc to those who don't deserve mercy and/or to those who are vulnerable and cannot help themselves.
Hi.
Grace: getting what you don't deserve.
Mercy: not getting what you do deserve.
 
Hi.
Grace: getting what you don't deserve.
Mercy: not getting what you do deserve.
I've always liked those definitions. I would like to expand on those two ideas. Looking into supporting Scripture which I think will take some time to understand all the details. I think just getting a foundational definition of the two is going to take much longer than I thought but I think it will be saturated with good learning. Also, if you know of any good books on the subject I would love to know which books.
 
I've always liked those definitions. I would like to expand on those two ideas. Looking into supporting Scripture which I think will take some time to understand all the details. I think just getting a foundational definition of the two is going to take much longer than I thought but I think it will be saturated with good learning. Also, if you know of any good books on the subject I would love to know which books.
Where you been???

Anyway, have you looked at the lexicons? Some good reading on grace is Barclay's Paul and the Gift or his shorter distillation Paul and the Power of Grace.
 
Where you been???

Anyway, have you looked at the lexicons? Some good reading on grace is Barclay's Paul and the Gift or his shorter distillation Paul and the Power of Grace.
Very busy with life as we all are but I've kept your mother and uncle in my prayers and others here on this board so you all are still in my thoughts and prayers.

Are those lexicons online? Are Barclay's Paul and the Gift or his shorter distillation Paul and the Power of Grace online or books to buy?
 
(3) In the NT “mercy” (eleos, usually the LXX translatopm of ḥeṣedh) is associated with “grace” (cháris) in the apostolical greetings and elsewhere. Trench points out that the difference between them is that the freeness of God’s love is the central point of charis, while eleos has in view misery and its relief; charis is His free grace and gift displayed in the forgiveness of sins—extended to men as they are guilty; His eleos (is extended to them) as they are miserable. The lower creation may be the object of His mercy (eleos), but man alone of His grace (charis); he alone needs it and is capable of receiving it (Synonyms of the NT, 163 f).

W. L. Walker, “Mercy, Merciful,” ed. James Orr et al., The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia (Chicago: The Howard-Severance Company, 1915), 2035.
 
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