1 Iain Murray, The psalter-the only hymnal? (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 2001). Hereafter referred to as Psalter.

2 Psalter, 3.

3 Ibid.

4 Ibid., 4, 5.

5 Ibid., 5, 6.

6 Ibid., 7.

7 Ibid.

8 Justin Martyr, ‘Dialogue with Trypho,' in The Ante-Nicene Fathers 1 (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993 rpt.), 211.

9 E. W. Hengstenberg, Works 7 (Cherry Hill, N.J.: Mack Publishing, n.d., rpt.), 557.

10 J. A. Alexander, Commentary on Psalms (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1991 rpt.), 11.

11 The reviewer is still yet to see any concrete evidence which demonstrates that even one of the psalms was written after the days of David. All of the arguments for post-Davidic psalms depend upon conjecture regarding the historical context of particular words. E.g., "house" and "temple" suggest that the temple had been built, or "captivity" and "gather" might seem to indicate the exile and beyond. But once it is determined that these words have been used in psalms that are reputed to have been written by David or his associates, the conjecture is baseless, and cannot support the historical superstructure which is being built upon it.

12 William Binnie, The Psalms: their history, teachings, and use (London: T. Nelson and Sons, 1870), 355.

13 The genuineness of the titles need not be of concern here. It suffices to state that the sacred historian gives credence to them, 2 Sam. 22:1; and that Christ and His apostles accepted the Jewish tradition of Davidic authorship which was established on the basis of them, Matt. 22:43, 45; Acts 2:25; Rom. 4:6; 11:9.

14 For a fuller treatment of this evidence, see The true psalmody (Edinburgh: James Gemmell, 1878), 63-71. William Binnie, The Psalms, 356-360, provides an outline of evidence for the use of the Psalter in Israel's post-canonical worship.

15 Psalter, 8.

16 Ibid.

17 Psalter, 9, 10.

18 Ibid.

19 Ibid. 11.

20 John Cotton, Singing of Psalmes a gospel-ordinance (London: 1647), 34.

21 What follows is a summary of the data which is presented by John McNaugher, ‘A special exegesis of Col. iii. 16 and Eph. v. 19,' in The Psalms in worship, ed. John McNaugher (Edmonton: Still Waters Revival Books, 1992 rpt.), 137-145.

22 Allan Harman, ‘Paul's use of the Psalms,' in The New Testament student 1, ed. John H. Skilton (Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, 1974), 195.

23 Josephus, Works, trans. William Whiston (Massachusetts: Hendrikson, 1987 rpt.), 203, 204.

24 Philo, Works, trans. C. D. Yonge (Massachusetts: Hendrikson, 1993), 178, 237.

25 Clement of Alexandria, ‘The instructor,' in The Ante-Nicene Fathers 2 (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993 rpt.), 249.

26 Lactantius, ‘The epitome of the divine institutes,' in The Ante-Nicene Fathers 7 (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993 rpt.), 238.

27 ‘Constitutions of the holy apostles,' in The Ante-Nicene Fathers 7 (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1993 rpt.), 393.

28 ‘Annotation upon Eph. 5:19,' The Dutch annotations upon the whole Bible, trans. Theodore Haak (London: 1657).

29 Henry Ainsworth, ‘Annotation on Ps. 3, title' in Annotations upon the book of Psalmes (1617).

30 John Cotton, Singing of Psalmes, 16.

31 Edward Leigh, Annotations upon all the New Testament (London: 1650), 306.

32 Thomas Manton, Works 4 (Pennsylvania: Maranatha Publications, rpt., n.d.), 443.

33 Thomas Ford, Singing of Psalms (London: printed for Christopher Meredith, 1657 [1653 according to Thomason]), 16.

34 Sydenham Cuthbert, A Christian sober and plain exercitation (London: printed by Thomas Mabb, 1657), 179.

35 As quoted by The true psalmody, 98.

36 Thomas Ridgeley, A body of divinity (Edmonton: Still Waters Revival Books, 1993 rpt.), 442.

37 Jonathan Edwards, Works 1 (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1990 rpt.), 554.

38 John Gill, Gill's commentary 6 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1980 rpt.), 451.

39 John Brown, The psalms of David in metre (Dallas, Texas: Presbyterian Heritage Publications, 1991 rpt.) xiii.

40 Psalter, 11.

41 David Hay Fleming, ‘The hymnology of the reformation,' in An anthology of

presbyterian and reformed literature 4 (Dallas, TX: Naphtali Press, 1991), 223-246. Immediately following Fleming's work is a reprint of The true psalmody, pp. 247-313, which will also amply repay the efforts of a conscientious reader.

42 Psalter, 12.

43 From the facsimile edition of: "Les Pseaumes mis en rime francoise par Clément Marot et Théodore de Béze. Mis en musique a quatre parties par Claude Goudimel. Par les héritiers de Francois Jacqui" (1565), available on the internet at: (http://www.fpcr.org/blue_banner_articles/calvinps.htm).

44 One thinks of the inclusion of the Apostles' Creed at the conclusion of the Westminster Shorter Catechism which was deemed unnecessary but added because it is "anciently received in the Churches of Christ."

45 Psalter, 13.

46 Ibid.

47 Horton Davies, The worship of the English puritans (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria, 1997 rpt.), 162-181, outlines some of the historical issues. He viewed the history of Puritan praise in three stages, p. 162: "firstly, the restoration of the people's rights to sing the Davidic Psalms in the vernacular; secondly, the versification of these psalms, that they might the easier be memorized by congregations and set to repetitive melodies; whilst the third stage is exemplified by Isaac Watts, in whom paraphrases of psalms develop into hymns."

48 Robert Baillie, Letters and Journals 2, ed. David Laing (Edinburgh: Bannatyne Club, 1841-2), 121.

49 See S. W. Carruthers, The every day work of the Westminster Assembly (Greenville, SC: Reformed Academic Press, 1994), 161-167, for a brief account of this forgotten aspect of the Assembly's work.

50 Robert Baillie, Letters and Journals 2:259.

51 Robert Baillie, A dissuasive from the errours of the time (London: printed for Samuel Gellibrand, 1645), 118.

52 Thomas Edwards, Gangraena (London, printed for Ralph Smith, 1645), 32.

53 Ibid., 51.

54 William Ames, The marrow of theology, ed. John Eusden (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books, 1997 rpt.), 262, 263.

55 Paul Baynes, A commentary upon the whole Epistle of the apostle Paul to the Ephesians (London: 1658, 5th edition), 506.

56 Lewis Bayly, The practice of piety (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria, 1997), 154.

57 John Owen, Works 15 (Edinburgh: Banner of Truth, 1991 rpt.), 232.

58 John Brown, Quakerisme the Pathway to Paganisme (Edinburgh: John Cairns, 1678), 463.

59 Robert M‘Ward, The true non-conformist (1671), 273.

60 Ibid., 274.

61 Ibid., 278.

62 Ibid., 280.

63 Abraham Van de Velde, The wonders of the Most High: 125 years history of the United Netherlands 1550-1675 (c. 1678, trans. 1997), no pagination.

64 Wilhelmus a Brakel, The Christian's reasonable service 4 (Morgan, PA: Soli Deo Gloria, 1995), 34, 35.

65 Psalter, 14. In an earlier article, the author has referred to Thomas Manton as one of the Assembly's "leading members." Iain Murray, ‘The directory for public worship,' in To glorify and enjoy God, ed. John L. Carson and David W. Hall (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1994), 326. The good Puritan deserves high commendation, but it ought also to be genuine. Alexander F. Mitchell, The Westminster Assembly (Edmonton: Still Waters Revival Books, 1992 rpt.), xx., could find no positive evidence that Dr. Manton's name should be included among the super-added divines of the Assembly. He certainly did not sit on any of the drafting committees for the Westminster documents, and he is not mentioned as having engaged in any discussion.

66 Thomas Manton, Works 4, 443.

67 Psalter, 15, 16.

68 Robert Wodrow, ‘A short account of the life of Mr. David Dickson,' in Truth's victory over error (Kilmarnock: John Wilson, 1787), xviii.

69 Psalter, 20.

70 Ibid., 22.

71 Ibid.

72 Ibid. 22, 23.

73 Ibid., 23.

74 Ibid., 25.

75 Ibid.

76 John Owen, Works 8:103.

77 Psalter, 26.

78 ‘Samuel Mather on the Types, 1705,' in Charles H. Spurgeon, The treasury of David 1 (Massachusetts: Hendrikson Publishers, nd., rpt.), 235.

79 Geerhardus Vos, ‘The eschatology of the Psalter,' in The Pauline eschatology (New Jersey: P&R Publishing, 1994 rpt.), 332.

80 The true psalmody, 17.