Theological articles

  1. The Development Of The Traditional Form Of The Westminster Standards

    First published, “Antiquary: The Development of the “Traditional Form of The Westminster Standards, The Confessional Presbyterian 1 (2005): 168–177. Appendix C omitted (but see the old PBTJ here). The Westminster Confession of Faith was approved and adopted by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland on August 27, 1647. Subsequently, the Confession was published for the first time with both the Larger and Shorter Catechisms in 1648, which catechisms had been approved respectively on...
  2. Featured

    Please Stop Saying " God Told Me "

    In the article, Buice offers up seven important questions to ask when someone says "God told me" and six appeals to the preacher. Is Buice on target? What has he missed, if anything?
  3. Minced Oaths (tdiph)

    This Day in Presbyterian History Daily devotional readings in Scripture, the Westminster Standards, & Presbyterian history. [URL][/URL] A visiting minister was asked to lead in prayer in Sunday school, and when he had finished, a teacher heard one of her girls whisper, “Gosh, what a prayer!” Such an exclamation seems incongruous in expressing one’s appreciation of a prayer, but a little thought will lead anyone to the conclusion that “gosh” is not...
  4. Baptism And Circumcision Compared

    Showing show side-by-side, and with accompanying Scripture, how both OT and NT covenant-signs make substantially the same statements, and teach substantially the same truth; while allowing for NT improvement wherever appropriate.
  5. Partial Rapture And Dispensational Punishment

    A refutation of the doctrines of Witness Lee and Watchman Nee.
  6. From Non-reformed To Reformed: Opening Perspectives

    Article series on the issues involving moving from a non-reformed view to a reformed view as well as all of the 'stuff' that pops up in-between (including when to leave a church).
  7. The Burning Of The Wooden Shoes

    The PCA and other NAPARC churches should beware repeating the history of the CRC.
  8. Refuting The Atheist Claim That Jesus Was A Resurrected Zombie

    It has been quite common on various atheist websites that seek to refute Christianity to use the argument that when Jesus was resurrected from the dead it was no different than what we see in modern zombie movies. The zombies come back to life and start attacking people and eating them, and hearing phrases such as ‘the undead’ where the person is not dead but is not really alive. This is the type of analogy atheist and skeptics tend to make when they try and refute the Resurrection. You may...
  9. Doctrine

    "That we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine…” (Ephesians 4:14) Many people today react negatively to the words, “theology” and “doctrine.” They are said to involve dry, irrelevant matters, which have no bearing on real life. If that were true, it would be quite understandable why we might want to steer clear and focus our attention elsewhere. Then, there are others who would not consider theology and doctrine to be irrelevant,...
  10. The Forerunner Of Glory

    Originally appeared on my blog, Hebridean Outpost. “…The Lord will give grace and glory…” (Psalm 84:11) In ancient days, when larger ships were unable to get close enough to shore to dock due to stormy conditions, the ship’s anchor would be placed in a small boat called a forerunner. The forerunner carried the anchor through the breakers and dropped it at the harbour securing the larger ship. When weather conditions would permit, the larger ship would slowly be drawn to shore through the...
  11. A Refutation To The Charge That The Calvinistic View Of Predestination Is Pagan.

    The idea brought forth by those who claim that we who hold to God's sovereignty in all things are similar to the Greek pagans is without warranted. As Ronald Nash states in his book The Gospel and the Greeks, these so called gods were limited by their own weakness both physical and moral. Not to mention many of these gods fell into vices in which humans fall prey. See The Gospel And The Greeks, Ronald Nash pg 122. In contrast the God of Scripture is not limited by his creation but rather is...
  12. Why A Confession Of Faith?

    This article was posted on my blog at [URL=""][/URL] “Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering” (Hebrews 10:23) The Presbyterian Church in Scotland has long associated itself with a Confession of Faith as its subordinate standard, so much so that Scottish Presbyterianism and Confessionalism have gone hand in hand. The Scots Confession of 1560 (co-authored by John Knox) had been the accepted confession of faith of the Scottish Church up until the time of the...
  13. The Troubled Sea

    Originally appeared on my blog, Hebridean Outpost. “The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. There is no peace, says my God, for the wicked.” (Isaiah 57:20-21) The Isle of Lewis is steeped in history, heritage and distinctiveness. It may seem strange to those of us who have been born and brought up here, but a visit to the Outer Hebrides is considered a must by many would be travellers. Travel blogs and tourism websites speak...
  14. Spotless Lamb Of God

    The hypothetical, hypostatic, Messianic, and individual arguments for the impeccability of Christ are explained and illustrated from significant theological sources.
  15. Sovereignty Of God

    There are many verses in scripture, which proclaim that God is the sovereign ruler of the universe and that God’s sovereignty is one of His principal attributes. Before examining any of these texts, I first want us to understand what sovereignty means, so we can have a correct understanding of this doctrine. The Mariam Webster dictionary defines sovereignty in the following way. It is the possession of the power to rule, without any inhibition from any external or internal force. The...